July 6, 2015 linux
After upgrading to Fedora, I was unable to run my Dell laptop on a dock connected to two monitors properly. One of the screens would refuse to run at its maximum resolution.
It took me a while, but adding the resolution manually with xrandr and playing around with X configuration files fixed the issue.
Adding new resolution with xrandr
Run xrandr to identify the screens by name. Note these names, they’ll be used in X conf files and for xrandr commands later. In my case, it was DP1, DP1-3 and DP1-2, with the latter not running in native resolution (1920x1080).
Run gtf with the required resolution and refresh rate (1920 x 1080 and 60 Hz here) to generate the Modeline.
$ gtf 1920 1080 60 # 1920x1080 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 67.08 kHz; pclk: 172.80 MHz Modeline "1920x1080_60.00" 172.80 1920 2040 2248 2576 1080 1081 1084 1118 -HSync +Vsync
Use xrandr to add a new mode like so (named 1080p here, can be anything you want). You have to copy the line starting with Modeline, but omit the word Modeline itself:
# Create new mode $ xrandr --newmode "1080p" 172.80 1920 2040 2248 2576 1080 1081 1084 1118 -HSync +Vsync # Add this mode to our screen $ xrandr --addmode DP1-2 1080p # Change the screen to this mode $ xrandr --output DP1-2 --mode 1080p
Once you’ve tested this, it is time to add this to your startup so that you don’t have to do this manually.
$ cat ~/.xprofile # Create new mode xrandr --newmode "1080p" 172.80 1920 2040 2248 2576 1080 1081 1084 1118 -HSync +Vsync # Add this mode to our screen xrandr --addmode DP1-2 1080p # Change the screen to this mode xrandr --output DP1-2 --mode 1080p
X usually works out of the box, but in this case, the native resolution is not being detected. The screens themselves support 1920x1080 resolution, which was tested with xrandr above, so we now specify the resolution explicitly to enable the higher resolution.
Specify your graphics chip and driver.
$ cat /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/30-graphic.conf Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Integrated" Driver "intel" EndSection
Specify the name and Modeline (generated above with gtf above) for the undetected screen.
$ cat /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/40-monitor.conf Section "Monitor" Identifier "DP1-2" Modeline "1920x1080_60.00" 172.80 1920 2040 2248 2576 1080 1081 1084 1118 -HSync +Vsync Option "PreferredMode" "1920x1080_60.00" EndSection
Specify the preferred resolution for the screen.
$ cat /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-screen.conf Section "Screen" Identifier "DP1-2" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768" "1920x1080" EndSubSection EndSection
Restart X. I use GNOME 3 and GDM login manager, so I had to do this:
$ sudo service gdm restart
Restart your login manager if you know it, or alternatively you can restart your system.